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Title: Risk factors of poor control of HBA1c and diabetic retinopathy: Paradox with insulin therapy and high values of HDL in African diabetic patients
Author(s): B Longo-Mbenza,1 MM Muaka,2 G Mbenza,3 S Mbungu-Fuele,4 L Mabwa-Mbalanda,4 V Nzuzi- Babeki,4 J Mbadi-A-Sungu4
Source: International Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism , 2008 , Vol 16 , Issue 2, 69 ; 78

Abstract: Objective: To determine the risk factors of poor control of glycated haemoglobin and diabetic retinopathy. The agreement between poor control of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) >7% and poor control of glycemia ? 126 mg/dL to classify diabetic retinopathy was also assessed. Design, settings and methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey carried out on 300 African diabetic patients admitted to Lomo Medical Center, Kinshasa, Congo, between July 2005 and December 2007. Patients (150 type 1 and 151 type 2) were interviewed and underwent a complete medical assessment. HbA1c levels, anthropometry, blood pressure components, lipid profile, type of diabetes, severity and complications were determined for each patient. All patients were examined for evidence and severity of diabetic retinopathy..

Addresses: Division of Cardiology, Pathophysiology and Clinical Epidemiology1; University of Kinshasa; Division of Ophthalmology2, Army Salvation Hospital, Kinshasa, Gombe3;Lomo Medical Center, Kinshasa, Limete,4 DRC..

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Country Code: AE