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Title: the position of israel in british defense alliances in the middle east: 1951-1954
Author(s): dawi awaad h. al-solami
Source: J. King Saud Univ, Vol.15, Arts (1) (year 2004),

Abstract: The cold war alliances in the Middle East were viewed and used by British Governments since the late 1940s, as one of the major methods to retain British military presence in this region. Relying on British official documents, this study is an attempt to examine the importance of Israel and its military role in British defense strategy for the Middle East, 1951-1954. The main aims of this study will be to unveil the nature of those British plans, the scope of the Israeli participation and the different views of the British ministries towards these plans. This study however, reveals the following facts: The existence of actual British plans to cooperate militariy with Israel and rely on her as a major ally in place of the Arab states in the Middle East alliances. In addition, some influential British leaders called for a real British role in building and strengthening the Israeli armed forces. This study also shows the sharp differences between the major British Ministries and officials regarding the position of Israel and its military significance in these plans. It is thus clear that the British governments were unable to meet the military and economic commitments of their Middle East defense plans without American support. Although a British – Israeli military alliance was not established at this time, these plans paved the way to British collusion with Israel during the Suez War in 1956, at that time Sir Anthony Eden, then British Prime Minister, changed his stand to become a staunch supporter of the idea of British cooperation with Israel against Egypt and the Arabs...

Addresses: department of history, faculty of arts and humanities, king abdulaziz university, jeddah, saudi arabia..

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