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Title: the effect of linguistic interference on learning and teaching a second language
Author(s): muhammad ali aikhuli
Source: J. King Saud Univ, Vol.1,Ed. Sc. & Isl Stud (1) (year 1989), 109-128

Abstract: This paper aims at defining linguistic interference (LI) and explaining its relationship with mutual interference, code-switching (CS), transfer of learning, and borrowing. It also aims at illustrating LI types, exploring the extent of the LI effect on second-language (L2) learning, and making use of results in L2 curricula. It has been shown that: (1) LI goes in one direction; mutual LI goes in both directions. (2) LI usually goes from the individual's stronger language (L) to the weaker L. (3) LI is unconscious, but CS is conscious. (4) LI is a type of negative transfer of learning. (5) LI may occur between two Ls or within one L or through dialects of the same L. (6) Negative LI is an intelligent attempt by the L2learner to avoid L2 problem areas. (7) LI is individual and unconscious, but borrowing is conscious, individual, or communal. (8) Error analysis and contrastive analysis lead to the discovery of LI errors. (9) LI may be phonological, morphological, lexical, syntactic, semantic, kinetic, or cultural. (10) There are factors that control LI such as type ofL activity, monitor strength, and mastery level. (11) Most LI errors are phonological. (12) LI errors are more common with adults than with children...

Addresses: arabic language institute, king saud university, riyadh, saudi arabia ...

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